Heliox in COPD exacerbation

A 65:35 helium-oxygen mix was compared with 35% oxygen in air in patients with COPD exacerbations requiring non-invasive ventilation. In this RCT there was no difference in intubation rates between the heliox or air/oxygen groups.
A multicenter, randomized trial of noninvasive ventilation with helium-oxygen mixture in exacerbations of chronic obstructive lung disease
Crit Care Med. 2010 Jan;38(1):145-51