Ambulance transport induces stress

Plasma levels of adrenaline and noradrenaline increased signficantly in patients with acute coronary syndrome during ambulance transportation – a finding in keeping with studies on normal volunteers. I wonder how much more of an effect helicopter retrieval might have?

Emergency ambulance transport induces stress in patients with acute coronary syndrome
Emerg Med J. 2009 Jul;26(7):524-8.